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This blog post is based on scientific evidence, written & fact checked by our doctors.

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Our team of dermatologists & formulators strive to lớn be objective, unbiased and honest.

This article contains scientific references. The numbers in the parentheses are clickable link to research papers from reputed academic organizations.


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Image: Shutterstock


Vacation is fun, until you realize your skin has turned two shades darker due lớn suntan! Isn"t it? But don"t you worry, because there are effective methods to get rid of the tanned skin.

With the right skin care approach, you no longer have to worry about stepping out on the beach. Let"s dig in to know more.

What Expert Says

“Ingredients lượt thích arbutin, niacinamide, licorice extract & grape seed extract can help in reducing skin tan.”

Dr. Harish Koutam, Chief Dermatologist, aryannations88.com


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Highlights:


What is Tanning?

Tanning is the process of melanin (skin pigment) increase caused by exposure khổng lồ sunlight. This is the body"s natural way of shielding the skin from sun damage.

Your body toàn thân releases melanin just under your skin’s surface when exposed to lớn harsh sunlight. This helps lớn absorb the radiation from UV rays. So the higher the UV rays exposure, the higher the pigmentation, and the darker the tan.

Areas prone to tan:

FaceArmsHandsLegsFeetBackNeck

Causes of Skin Tan

The solar spectrum (sunlight) consists of UV (ultraviolet) rays at three wavelengths

1. UV A

These rays are said to be the most dangerous element responsible for causing skin tan. The UVA rays penetrate the deeper layers of your skin, thus damaging the cells. Melanocytes cells release melanin which causes the brown, dark colour of your skin.

2. UV B

UVB rays usually harm the upper layers of your skin. Exposure khổng lồ these rats surges in summer and lessens during the winter. Unlike UVA rays, UVB doesn"t trigger melanocytes. However, it induces damage to DNA that further boosts the production of melanin.

3. UV C

When UVA rays penetrate the layers of the skin, they signal the melanocytes (skin’s cells) lớn produce excess melanin (skin-darkening pigment). This further darkens due lớn oxidation & causes skin tanning. <1>

Types Of Tan

There are different types of skin tan và reactions to the sun based on your skin color.

Skin Color

Reaction khổng lồ Sun Exposure

Level Of Tanning

Pale white

Always burns

No tan

White to lớn light beige

Burns easily

Minimal tan

Beige

Burns moderately

Tans to light brown

Light brown

Burns minimally

Tans lớn moderate brown

Moderate brown

Rarely burns

Tans to dark brown

Dark brown or black

Never burns

Tans profusely

Tan Removal Treatments

Suntan harms the immune system & can lead lớn further skin damage và aging. So you must fight it with the right rã removal treatments. “Ingredients lượt thích arbutin, niacinamide, licorice extract, grape seed extract can help in reducing skin tan,” says Dr. Harish Koutam, Chief Dermatologist at aryannations88.com.

A. Laze Toning

A dermatologist uses a laze device to break down the melanin pigment and minimize skin tan. Lasers (Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation) are sources of high-intensity monochromatic coherent light. <2>

When used on the skin, this light energy converts into heat energy khổng lồ target a specific chromophore (skin pigment-melanin) without harming the surrounding tissue. They penetrate the deeper layers of the skin to lớn get rid of the excess melanin.

B. Chemical Peels

This kind of tan removal treatment is used to lớn remove the superficial dead skin layers that have accumulated excess melanin. <3>

Chemical peels use glycolic acid, trichloroacetic acid, salicylic acid, lactic acid or carbolic acid (phenol). Based on the intensity, chemical peels are classified as:

1. Superficial peel

2. Medium peel

3. Deep peel

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C. Microdermabrasion

Microdermabrasion <4> is a tung removal treatment khổng lồ exfoliate the dead skin cells that contain excess accumulated melanin pigment. It promotes new cells to lớn regenerate more quickly than they would ordinarily. The result - skin that looks firmer, more toned và more youthful. There are two methods:

Crystal Microdermabrasion

Tiny particles are sprayed on your face through a wand.

Diamond-tip Microdermabrasion

Your skin is exfoliated with direct contact by an applicator.

D. Tan Removal Creams

Most chảy removal creams available in the market lightens the upper layers of the skin. A good face rã removal cream or serum penetrates the deeper layers of the skin to lớn inhibit the enzymatic activities that cause melanin production.

E. Lightening Actives

Lightening actives are chemical ingredients that promote skin lightening by fighting tanned skin.<5> Licorice, niacinamide, vitamin C, & Kojic acid are some lightening actives that are effective face chảy removal treatments. So what exactly are they?

1. Licorice

Licorice root consists of glabridin & liquiritin, which helps with skin tanning issues.

2. Vi-ta-min C

The enzyme tyrosinase sida in melanin production in the skin. Vi-ta-min C works as a tyrosinase inhibitor, thereby reducing melanin và skin tanning.

3. Kojic Acid

Kojic acid is derived from a mushroom-like fungus produced during fermentation. It prohibits the production of melanin and penetrates the upper layers of the skin, causing a lightening effect. <5>

4. Niacinamide

Niacinamide, or vitamin B3, can be used lớn remove tan và lighten the skin. It is effective as it decreases the amount of melanin transferred by pigment-producing cells (melanocytes) khổng lồ the surface by more than half.

F. Face Pack

wax, face wash: De-tan face packs help in the removal of tanned skin cells accumulated in your toàn thân after exposure lớn the sun’s UV rays. They don"t make the skin fairer, but help make the skin even-toned.

These treatments contain natural ingredients like papaya, lemon, and tomato or chemical ingredients like lactic acid, niacinamide, willow bark extract, etc. They help in lightening the upper layers of the skin.

G. Exfoliation

An effective technique, gentle exfoliation helps in removing the pigmented dead skin cells from your skin’s surface. This results in a clearer, even skin tone, thus reducing the appearance of a tan.

People with sensitive skin can opt for chemical exfoliation techniques that involve chemicals such as alpha & beta hydroxy acids that dissolve dead skin cells. While those with oily skin may go for mechanical exfoliation methods that involve using brushes or sponges to lớn clear off dead skin cells.

Note:

Make sure lớn exfoliate gently. Over-exfoliating can turn your skin red, cause dark spots, và lead lớn breakouts

H. Bleaching

Bleaching is an effective và instant tan removal solution. It helps to lớn remove the dead skin cells, hydrates the skin, and lightens the skin tone. When you rinse off the bleaching cream, the upper layer of your skin is exfoliated, which makes it look visibly bright và glowing.

However, vì not bởi regular bleaching as the chemical ingredients in it might harm your skin.

I. Home Remedies

The following skin lightening trang chủ remedies are been used by people since ages, but bởi vì not contain any scientific proof.

1. Lemon juice and Honey

Lemon juice is considered an old and effective method to lớn remove tan. Lemon juice has a bleaching property that helps to lớn remove rã from skin. Honey keeps the skin soft & supple. Take one tablespoon of lemon juice and địa chỉ cửa hàng some honey to lớn it. Apply it to lớn your skin và keep it for half an hour. Wash it off.

note :

Lemon juice has to lớn be applied in a diluted form và must be washed if used topically. Stepping out in the sun with lemon or other citrus fruits on your skin can cause irritation. Also, in case of irritation, usage needs lớn be discontinued.

2. Turmeric & Bengal Gram Face Pack

This is our Indian grandmothers’ tip on how to remove chảy from face and skin. Mix a tablespoon of bengal gram powder with a teaspoon of turmeric, some lemon juice and curd to form a thick paste. Apply on the face and neck, leave it on for half an hour and wash it off. All the ingredients are natural, de-tanning ingredients.

3. Papaya and Honey

Papaya is a common de-tan home remedy. It contains papain enzyme, known khổng lồ lighten the skin while honey helps to lớn keep the skin supple. Mash a handful of papaya with honey and apply it on the face. Leave it on for 20 min and wash it off.

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4. Potato Juice

The juice extracted from potatoes is a powerful bleaching agent. It can lighten sun rã as well as your dark circles. Peel off the skin of a potato và grind it in a blender. Apply it on tanned areas of your face và leave it for 15 minutes. Wash it off with cold water.

5. Coconut Milk

Highly nourishing và hydrating for the skin, coconut milk restores the lost moisture. Its vi-ta-min C nội dung and mild acids help in removing tan. Soak a cotton ball in fresh coconut milk và apply it all over your face. Leave it dry completely và later wash off using a mild cleanser.

6. Saffron và Milk

Saffron contains skin-soothing and lightening properties that make it an effective ingredient for removing tan. It contains bioactive compounds that protect skin from harmful UV rays, thus, reversing the effects of tan. Soak a few strands of saffron in milk/cream, strain it after two hours, & apply it khổng lồ the tanned area. Wash off with water after 10-15 minutes.

7. Oatmeal và Buttermilk

Oatmeal has great exfoliating properties while buttermilk, rich in lactic acid, removes tan, và improves skin tone. Soak 2 teaspoons of oats or oatmeal in ½ cup of water & keep it for 5 minutes. địa chỉ 2-3 teaspoons of butter to lớn it. Mix them well till i5 forms a paste. Apply it lớn the tanned areas & rub it gently. Keep it for 20 minutes và wash it off later.

Other Natural Ingredients For chảy Removal are:

Tomato và yogurtOrange juice và yogurtAloe veraIce cubesBitter gourdMultani mitti

How to Prevent Sun Tanning?<6>

Cover yourself fully while going out during the day.Use hats, sunglasses, stoles, etc.Avoid going outdoors during peak hours of sunlight (10 am khổng lồ 2 pm)Apply sunscreen before stepping out & reapply it every two hours. <7>Stay hydrated. Drink at least 15-20 glasses of water a day during summers khổng lồ prevent your skin from getting dehydrated. Eat healthy fibre-rich foods lượt thích green fruits and vegetables.If you regularly spend time exposed to lớn the sun or inside the swimming pool often, make sure you apply protection creams every đôi mươi minutes.Choose sun-friendly cosmetics. Apply a moisturizer during the day. Instead of using cream-based makeup, choose mineral-based ingredients.Wash your face at least twice daily.Consume healthy, fibre-rich foods lượt thích vegetables và fruits to lớn boost your skin’s immunity và prevent sun damage from within.

The above preventive measures are not scientifically proven. But people have been holding a firm belief in them for ages.

Frequently Asked Questions About Tan

Why do I rã so easily?

If you have a darker skin tone (more melanin), you tend khổng lồ tan easily. The melanin (brown pigment) containing melanocytes spread out across the sun-exposed skin to lớn cover và protect the skin from more damage.

How long does it take for a tan khổng lồ go away?

It takes 1-4 weeks for the suntan khổng lồ fade away with the right skin rã removal treatment, depending on the intensity of the tan.

Is skin tanning a sign of skin damage?

Skin tanning increases the risk of exposure khổng lồ harmful sun rays, which in turn may lead to skin cancer. It is a myth that tung shields your skin from sunburn or other skin damage<8>.

While most dermatologists recommend a minimum of SPF 15 for skin protection, tanned skin provides a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of only about 2 lớn 4.

Skincare Routine to lớn Remove Tan

A good skincare routine can go a long way in tan removal & keeping the skin healthy. The following skin care for tanned skin is a simple three-step process khổng lồ repair & renew your skin.

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Skincare Product

What it does

Ideal Properties

Cleanser

Washes away the dirt, dust, excess oils và makeup residue

Gentle, deep cleansing action

Moisturizer

Repairs và maintains the skin barrier by offering hydration

Non-greasy, should not clog your pores

Skin lightening serum

Removes tan, lightens the skin & improves overall skin complexion

Must remove the tan from the skin’s inner surface

Wrapping Up

The first and best way to lớn get rid of a tan is khổng lồ protect your skin from the harmful UV rays. A rã usually fades away on its own as your skin naturally sheds the tanned skin cells và replaces them with new cells. However, if you want to lớn lighten its appearance, you can go for treatments, tan removal creams, or easy trang chủ remedies. Besides these, make sure to eat nutritious, healthy foods and follow a proper skincare routine khổng lồ keep your skin healthy & glowing.