In English, the verb “remember” means “to recall” or “to NOT forget” something. However, the exact meaning of “remember” depends on the structure of the sentence.

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There are 2 structures we can use with “remember”:

“remember” + infinitive size of a verb“remember” + ING size of a verb (gerund)

The meaning of “remember” in both of these structures is slightly different.

Look at these 2 sentences:


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Mark remembers lớn lock the car. Mark remembers locking the car.

Both of these sentences are grammatically correct. But the meaning is very different. In this lesson, you will learn the difference.

“remember” + infinitive

Look at this sentence:

Mark remembers lớn lock the car.

There are 2 actions in this sentence. The first kích hoạt happens before the second action:

Action 1: Mark remembersAction 2: Mark locks the car

(Mark does not forget. He thinks and recalls that he must not forget lớn lock the car.)

Therefore the meaning of “remember” + infinitive is: vày not forget to bởi vì an action that happens after the thought.

First, we remember (think) & then we vì chưng the action.

The infinitive size of a verb is: “to” + the base form of the verb.

Example 1

Mother: “Remember to brush your teeth after breakfast.”

This means: “Do not forget khổng lồ brush your teeth after breakfast.”

Action 1: Remember (think / vày not forget)Action 2: Then brush your teeth

Example 2

Mark remembered to hotline his mother.

This means that Mark did not forget to điện thoại tư vấn his mother.

Action 1: Mark remembered. He thought. He did not forget.Action 2: Then Mark called his mother.

“remember” + ING khung (gerund)

Now let’s look at this sentence:

Mark remembers locking the car.

The order of the 2 actions is the opposite:

Action 1: Mark locks the car.Action 2: Mark remembers that he has locked the car. (Mark recalls it in his mind. He is therefore certain he has already locked the car.)

Therefore “remember” + ING form (gerund) means: “to recall an action that happened before the thought.”

First, we vì chưng the action and then we remember the action.

Compare this meaning khổng lồ “remember” + infinitive. It is a subtle but important difference.

The general rule for forming the ING form of a verb is to lớn take the base form and showroom “ing”. However, there are exceptions. For all the rules on how to form the ING khung of a verb, read this lesson: ING size of verbs

Example 1

“My teeth are clean. I remember brushing them after breakfast.”

Action 1: Mark brushed his teeth after breakfast.Action 2: Now he remembers (recalls). So he doesn’t need lớn brush them again.

Example 2

“I remember calling my mother from the office.”

Action 1: David called his mother.Action 2: Now he remembers.

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If someone now tells David to call his mother, he will say:

David: No I have already called her.Jane: Are you sure?David: Yes, I remember calling her from the office.

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