The aryannations88.com glossary provides brief definitions và explanations of terms used on the website. The terms describe how aryannations88.com works & how its guidance is produced.

Bạn đang xem: Low back pain and sciatica: summary of nice guidance

Our glossary excludes specific clinical and medical terms. If you cannot find the term you are looking for, please thư điện tử usso that we can consider adding it khổng lồ the glossary.

Some definitions and examples are based on those in the HTAi consumer và patient glossary, with thanks lớn Health giải pháp công nghệ Assessment International.

For terms used in social care, the Care and support Jargon Buster from Think Local Act Personal is a useful guide khổng lồ the most commonly used social care words & phrases, & what they mean.


Qualitative research explores people"s beliefs, experiences, attitudes, behaviour và interactions. It asks questions about how and why. For example, why people want to lớn stop smoking, rather than asking how many people have tried lớn stop. It generates non-numerical data, such as a person"s description of their pain rather than a measure of pain. Qualitative research techniques such as focus groups và in depth interviews may be used when developing aryannations88.com guidance to find out more about the views & experiences of the target population or practitioners.

The chất lượng and Outcomes Framework (QOF) is a national incentive scheme for all GP practices in the UK that rewards them financially for how well they care for patients. Under the scheme, GP practices score points according lớn their cấp độ of achievement against a series of indicators, such as the percentage of patients with a new diagnosis of a disease who are referred for certain tests. aryannations88.com makes sure the clinical và health improvement indicators used in the scheme reflect new evidence & rising service standards.


aryannations88.com chất lượng standards are a phối of specific, concise statements & associated measures. They phối out aspirational, but achievable, markers of high-quality, cost-effective patient care, covering the treatment and prevention of different diseases and conditions. They are based on guidance & advice from aryannations88.com and other aryannations88.comanisations using aryannations88.com-accredited processes.


Five lớn 10 quality statements trang điểm a chất lượng standard. The statements describe key markers of high-quality, cost-effective care for a particular clinical condition or pathway. An example of a chất lượng statement for stroke is:"All patients after stroke are screened within 6 weeks of diagnosis, using a validated tool, to identify mood disturbance and cognitive impairment".

A measure of the state of health of a person or group in which the benefits, in terms of length of life, are adjusted to lớn reflect the chất lượng of life. One quality-adjusted life year (QALY) is equal to lớn 1 year of life in perfect health.QALYs are calculated by estimating the years of life remaining for a patient following a particular treatment or intervention & weighting each year with a quality-of-life score (on a 0 lớn 1 scale). It is often measured in terms of the person’s ability khổng lồ carry out the activities of daily life, & freedom from pain and mental disturbance.


Research that generates numerical data or data that can be converted into numbers. An example is research using clinical trials. Another example is the Census of England và Wales, which counts people and households. It might involve questions such as "How many people visit their GP each year?" or "What proportion of children have had this vaccine?".

Xem thêm: "Manage To" Có Nghĩa Là Gì? Hĩa Của 'Manage To Do Sth' Là Gì?


A study based on a true experimental kiến thiết meets 2 criteria: manipulation of a variable factor between 2 or more groups, & random assignment of patients khổng lồ those groups. A quasi-experimental study uses the first criterion but patients are not randomly assigned to groups. This means a researcher cannot draw conclusions about "cause and effect". This design is frequently used when it is not feasible, or not ethical, lớn conduct a randomised controlled trial. See also Experimental study.