"It"s the basis of ordinary etiquette / to be sure of your subject & your predicate." This lyric from a children"s play about acceptable aryannations88.com is certainly true; however, not everyone can point out the predicate in a sentence (even if they are sure of the subject). Learn more about what a predicate is with the predicate meaning & how khổng lồ identify one in a sentence.

what is a predicate example

What Is a Predicate in a Sentence?

The predicate of a sentence is the part that modifies the subject of a sentence or clause in some way. The predicate specifies what the subject is or does or tells what is done to lớn the subject. Because the subject is the person, place or thing that a sentence is about, the predicate must contain a verb explaining what the subject does. It can also include a modifier, an object or a compliment.

The verb paired with all of the other words that describe its action form the complete predicate.

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Basic Examples of One-Word Predicates

A predicate can be as simple as a single word that shows the kích hoạt in a sentence. It is used khổng lồ tell you what the subject of the sentence does. Look at a few of the shorter sentences in the English language. The subjects are underlined and the predicates are bold.

She danced. - The subject of the sentence is "she," the person being spoken about. But what is being conveyed or expressed about this person? She performed an action, of course; she danced. The word that modifies the subject "she" is the past-tense verb "danced," which is the predicate. It talked! - "It" might be a baby saying a word for the first time, a parrot squawking "Hello" or even an inanimate object somehow bestowed with the nguồn of speech. What you know about "it" is that, according to the sentence, it spoke. "Talked" modifies the subject "it," so "talked" is the predicate. I sing. - The subject of the sentence is "I." What is the point of the sentence? For the subject lớn specify an action that they perform, which is to sing. "Sing" is the verb that is the predicate of this sentence.

More Examples of Short Predicates

Predicates vary in length và complexity. The sentences below are very simple examples of what predicates are since the predicate is expressed entirely by one verb. A simple predicate may also be a short verb phrase.

In the examples below, the complete predicate is in bold in each example, while the subject is underlined. The simple predicate is noted in parentheses after each sentence.

He was cooking dinner. (simple predicate - cooking)We saw the cát outside. (simple predicate - saw)I walked the dog. (simple predicate - walked)Anthony wrote to lớn his friend. (simple predicate - wrote)They ate all the candy. (simple predicate - ate)My aunt moved. (simple predicate - moved)The house has a new roof. (simple predicate - has)Andrew threw the ball. (simple predicate -threw)He is sad. (simple predicate - is)

Examples of Longer Complete Predicates

A complete predicate is the verb that shows the action and the modifying phrase that completes the thought, basically everything in the sentence that isn"t the subject.

As with the section above, the complete predicate is in bold in each example, while the subject is underlined. The simple predicate is noted in parentheses after each sentence.

She is nhảy đầm on stage for the first time. (simple predicate - is dancing)My family is arriving early tomorrow. (simple predicate - is arriving) She was upset for a long time over the break-up. (simple predicate - was upset)I have been studying for hours. (simple predicate - have been studying)We are going khổng lồ the movies later. (simple predicate - are going)My parents just finished repainting their house. (simple predicate - just finished)You were visiting us this time last year. (simple predicate - were visiting)He has left his hometown for the big city. (simple predicate - has left)The children believe in Santa Claus. (simple predicate - believe in)Our new puppy has been crying all night. (simple predicate - has been)

Examples of Compound Predicates

In addition lớn simple predicates, there are also compound predicates. A compound predicate gives two or more details about the same subject và has two or more verbs joined by a conjunction. For example: "She visited her cousins and met all their friends." In this example, "she" is the subject và "visited her cousins" and "met all their friends" are the compound predicates joined by the conjunction "and."

In the examples below, the subject is underlined, the complete predicates are bold and the simple predicate is noted in parentheses after each sentence.

He did homework and played clip games. (simple predicates - did, played)She likes dolls but hates trains. (simple predicates - likes, hates)The mail was late but arrived later that evening. (simple predicates - was, arrived)He lives in Italyspeaks English and Italian. (simple predicates - lives in, speaks)We completed the projectwon a prize. (simple predicates - completed, won)She slept in & was late for work. (simple predicates - slept in, was late)My sister fell & hurt her shoulder. (simple predicates - fell, hurt)Mark broke his computer, so he borrowed one from his friend. (simple predicates - broke, borrowed)The mèo chased the mouse & trapped it in the kitchen. (simple predicates - chased, trapped)We shopped and ate lunch at the mall. (simple predicates - shopped, ate)

Understanding Other Examples of Predicates

English aryannations88.com is known for exceptions và special circumstances, so you"re probably not surprised to learn that there are a few special cases lớn consider with predicates.

Making Sense of "I Am."

"I am" is often described as the shortest sentence in the English language, but this is not exactly true. While it can be a complete thought and does contain a subject & a verb, it doesn"t explain what "I am."

An additional piece of the phrase is usually necessary khổng lồ complement the verb. When you answer "I am," you are usually leaving out an implied word that completes the sentence.Whatever you showroom to "I am" technically forms the predicate of the sentence. For example: "I am playing guitar." You must add "playing guitar" lớn complete what you are doing in the sentence.Another example would be "I am tired." The word "tired" is used to lớn describe what you are.

Now that you know "I am" is not technically a complete sentence, you"ll probably be quick to notice other examples that seem lượt thích complete sentences but lack a predicate, such as "I can" and "I will." What might confuse you is the sentence that seems lớn lack a subject.

Making Sense of "Go."

As surprising as it may sound, the shortest complete sentence in the English language is the imperative statement, "Go!" How can this be? After all, "go" is a verb seemingly without a subject or a predicate. There are two things you"ll need to understand before this example will make sense.

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If you tell a person to vày something, they are the implied subject of the sentence. What the imperative (meaning, "do this!") form of the "to go" verb is addressing is the person khổng lồ whom you are speaking. What you really mean when you shout "go!" is, "(You) go!"Unlike the "to be" verb used above in the "I am" example, "go" is an action verb, not just a state of being. "Go" is, therefore, a complete predicate in và of itself — it needs no further explanation or qualification khổng lồ make sense. (You) can go anywhere, as long as (you) heed the imperative.

Finding the Predicate

Every sentence has two parts: a subject & a predicate. The predicate is used khổng lồ tell the reader what the subject does. It contains a verb và shows action. Predicates can be one verb or verb phrase (simple predicate), two or more verbs joined with a conjunction (compound predicate), or even all the words in the sentence that give more information about the subject (complete predicate). Khổng lồ find the predicate, simply look for what the subject is doing. Now that you"re familiar with predicates, take the time to lớn explore different parts of sentences.