Are you about khổng lồ graduate high school or have already graduated but are considering further studies for better employment opportunities? If so, then you might have heard the term “post-secondary education” every now and then.

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As the name goes, post-secondary education takes place after you finish high school. And while most people see it as a stepping stone towards better employment opportunities in the future, this isn’t always necessarily the case. Also, contrary to popular belief, post-secondary education isn’t limited to lớn college, so if money is a hindering factor for taking post-secondary education, you might want to lớn consider the other options aside from college.

In this article, we define post-secondary education, what it means, & the various options available for you after your graduate high school (or high school equivalent). And then we tackle whether or not taking a post-secondary education really is important in the career path you want to take.

What Is Post-Secondary Education?

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Secondary education is more commonly known as high school, but it can also refer to people who have taken their GED (General Education Development) tests or any equivalent around the world. Unlike post-secondary education, students are required khổng lồ attend secondary school (or at least they are, until they turn 18 and can opt to lớn drop out).

There are a number of people who choose to drop out (around 527,000 people from October 2017 to lớn October 2018). While it is possible for them to find work (around 47.2 percent of them), they cannot attend post-secondary education unless they finish high school or earn a secondary education diploma.

And while there are jobs available for those who didn’t get khổng lồ finish secondary school or finished high school but opted not lớn attend post-secondary education, this closes some doors for them. For example, if you want khổng lồ become a medical doctor, you cannot enter medical school until you earn a Bachelor’s degree by attending four years of college under an appropriate pre-med program. So, even if you got high grades in high school biology, no medical school is going lớn accept a student without a bachelor’s degree.

Post-Secondary Institutions

Contrary to lớn popular belief, the term “post-secondary education” và its other similar terms aren’t limited lớn just earning a bachelor’s degree in high school. Colleges and universities are the most popular choice, but they may not be the most financially possible choice for everyone, especially if you consider that plenty of college graduates in the US are struggling to lớn pay off student loan payments years after they’ve graduated college.

If you’re open to the idea of further education after high school but want lớn consider other options, here are your possible choices.

Vocational Schools

Also known as trade or tech schools, vocational schools teach it students on the technical side of certain crafts or skills of a specific job. Unlike colleges where its students receive academic training for careers in certain professional disciplines, vocational school students vị job-specific training where certain physical skills are needed more than academic learning.

These are available in almost every country, though they may go by different names. In some countries, there may be both vocational schools run privately or public vocational school that are either fully or partially subsidized by the government for people who want to learn skills for better employment opportunities.

Some vocational courses include:

Health care for nursing (for people who want to lớn work as caregivers)Computer network managementWord processing application (secretarial positions)Food & beverage managementFashion designingElectricianPlumberCarpentryCommercial pilotCatering and khách sạn managementDaycare managementHairstyling, cosmetics, và beautificationParalegal studiesMassage therapyPharmacy technicianTravel agent

Take lưu ý that there are a lot more vocational courses than the ones provided, but not all vocational schools provide all types of courses. Some vocational schools may also specialize in certain industries, so it’s best to vị your research on vocational schools in your area.

Completion of any of these courses provide you with a certificate that shows you have completed & trained for the skill of your choice. This gives you a competitive advantage in the job market compared to lớn other high school graduates who bởi not have the same training for the skillset you have.

It is also possible to have multiple certificates for different courses if you think this will give you a further advantage, such as getting certified for Electrician, Plumber, & Carpentry courses if you intend to work in the construction industry. This also applies to college graduates who think they can get a leg up with both a college degree và a vocational school certificate on their resume.

Non-Degree Students

There are two definitions of non-degree students. The first is a student who attends a college or university & attends undergraduate, master, or doctorate classes but not for the sake of earning a degree. These are people who may be interested in learning for specific classes and want to pursue academic interests but vày not see the need to earn the full degree. These can be simply because they want lớn learn a certain field or who want to showroom to their resume that they took classes for a specific subject.

Another type of non-degree student are online or classroom programs on specific topics that can be used for resume-building skills or personal enrichment. You won’t earn a diploma, but you earn a certificate of completion. It’s similar to lớn what you earn from tech school, but more academic than in terms of skill.

Community Colleges

Community colleges are also known as “junior colleges” or “two-year colleges.” As its name goes, instead of earning a Bachelor’s degree after four years, community college students earn associate degrees after just two years. Some community colleges also offer non-degree certificates và vocational courses, though not all colleges do. Aside from academic classes, community colleges offer other programs for the community.

The reason why community colleges take half the time to earn a diploma is because it only offers the general education requirements taken by all college students. In regular colleges & universities, you spend four years studying: the first two years are dedicated lớn general education requirements, while the next two are for your specialized classes depending on your major.

Community college can be a step towards employment, but it can also be a step towards entering university. With the classes you’ve taken in community college, you can proceed khổng lồ a university & major for two more years to work towards a bachelor’s degree. But if you think you don’t need one & intend to enter the workforce after attending community college, you’ll be given an associate’s degree after completion.

Colleges & Universities

The most popular choice for post-secondary education, colleges và universities not only provide bachelor’s degree for high school students, but also post-graduate degrees for college students. Some examples of post-graduate degrees that fall under this bracket include graduate school, law school, medical school, dental school, và business school.

Some people attend post-secondary education institutions like graduate school và business schools for a master’s degree that will give them a leg-up in the job market for higher-ranking positions. However, for other institutions like law school and medical school, you need khổng lồ enter và finish your education if you want khổng lồ achieve a certain job role. For example, paralegals may need certification or even a bachelor’s degree, depending on how competitive a paralegal position in a law firm is, but if you want to lớn become a lawyer, you need to finish khổng lồ law school and pass the bar exam in your jurisdiction.

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It’s relatively the most expensive size of post-secondary education, but there are several options on how to get in. There are several scholarship và grant programs that can provide you with partial to lớn full scholarships (some even provide stipends or allowances for expenses lượt thích food, books, and other necessities) without having to go into debt. However, a lot of scholarship programs are extremely competitive và are usually awarded khổng lồ students who show a lot of academic or athletic promise or require the most financial aid.