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Tú Commands


If you want lớn tell someone to vì chưng something, you must give a command. Since a command is addressed directly to lớn someone, the understood recipient of the command is “you.” Or, if you are included in the recipient group, it can be “us.” The “you” is almost never stated when an English command is given—as in “take out the trash”—but it is common in Spanish to use the subject pronoun for “you” ( tú, usted, ustedes, vosotros/as) after the command khung of the verb. Since there are four different ways lớn say “you” in Spanish, there are also four different types of commands, plus one extra size for the affirmative tú (informal) command. The command form of the verb that you use depends on whom you are addressing.

In the case of a command, different forms are used for affirmative commands & negative commands. There is also a special phối of commands for the vosotros/vosotras khung of tú.

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Regular affirmativecommands

The size used when an affirmative command is given lớn someone you would address as is the most unusually formed, so it"s best lớn start with these. It may seem strange, but the form of the verb used for an affirmative command almost always looks lượt thích the present tense él khung of the verb. For this reason, it is common to lớn use the pronoun after the command so you can tell the difference between “he does something” và “you, vị something.” For example:

Baila todos los días He dances every day.

¡Baila tú todos los días! Dance every day! (addressed to you singular)

You may notice the inverted exclamation points (¡) that are used before writing a command in Spanish. These will also help indicate that the statement is an imperative, or a command form and, as a result, your voice would indicate this if it were a spoken command.

As long as you remember how to lớn create the present tense él size of the verb, you can create the affirmative command form because they are almost always the same. This includes the stem‐changing verbs. If a verb stem changes in the present tense, the command form will have the same stem change.

Don"t forget that this khung is only used when the command is stated affirmatively. If you tell someone whom you address as not to vị something, it is a negative command, & there is a different form you must use. But first there are, of course, some verbs that have an irregular form for affirmative commands.

Irregular affirmativecommands

There are very few irregular affirmative commands that are not identical to lớn the present tense él khung of the verb. Table 1 lists the eight most commonly used verbs with irregular affirmative commands as well as the equivalent English command.

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Notice that the command for ser is the same as the present tense yo khung of the verb saber. Sometimes the context of the sentence will make it clear which of the two is intended; however, placing the subject pronoun after the command further clarifies the meaning. Notice in the following examples how using a subject pronoun will clarify these identical twins.

Sé tú un buen niño mientras tu madre va de compras. Be a good boy while your mother goes shopping. (affirmative command, ser)

Yo sé la respuesta. I know the answer. (present tense yo form, saber)

Negativetúcommands

The present tense yo size is the base for creating a negative command. Most verbs that stem change in the present tense stem change in the yo form, so this will also occur in the negative command. In the present tense, the yo size almost always ends in – o. To lớn create a negative command, remember this mantra: form of yo, drop the – o, địa chỉ cửa hàng the opposite ending. Adding the opposite ending means if a verb has an infinitive that ends in – ar, the present tense ending for an – er/ir verb is used khổng lồ create the negative command. If a verb ends in – er or – ir, the present tense ending for – ar verbs is used to lớn create a negative command.

So, once you remember the yo form, drop the – o ending and use the endings for negative commands listed in Table 2.

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Here are a few examples:

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Be sure khổng lồ notice that even though an affirmative command is like the él size of the verb, a negative command uses endings, but they use the ending of the opposite kind of verb.

Vosotroscommands

A vosotros command is used to order a group of people whom you would address in the form. The vosotros command forms are unusual because it is much safer to use the ustedes commands with any group.

To create an affirmative vosotros command, replace the – r at the over of the infinitive with a – d. If a verb is reflexive, & the pronoun os is attached, the – d is dropped. Table 3 shows a few examples.

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A negative vosotros command is based on the yo size of the verb. Think of the present tense yo form of the verb you want lớn make into a negative vosotros command, then drop the – o ending and add the vosotros/vosotras ending normally used for the opposite kind of verb. The endings are shown in Table 4.

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Following are a few of the verbs commonly used with negative vosotros commands. The infinitive is listed first followed by an example with the verb conjugated in the negative vosotros command form. Notice that when the subject pronoun vosotros is used, it follows the verb.